Spanish Campaign Medal - Navy
Criteria: The Spanish Campaign Medal is a military award of the United States Armed Forces recognizing those U.S. military personnel having served in the Spanish-American War. Although a single decoration, there were two versions of the Spanish Campaign Medal, one for members of the United States Army and another for the forces of the U.S. Navy and United States Marine Corps. The Navy and Marine Corps version of the Spanish Campaign Medal was created in June 1908 and was awarded to Navy or Marine Corps personnel having served in the Philippine Islands between the dates of May 1 and August 16, 1898. For service in the West Indies, the Navy awarded the West Indies Campaign Medal as well as an unofficial decoration known as the Sampson Medal. In 1913, the navy discontinued the award of the West Indies Campaign Medal and extended the criteria of the Spanish Campaign Medal to any member of the Navy or Marine Corps who had served on active duty during the Spanish American War. Early versions of the Spanish Campaign Medal suspended the metal from a gold and red ribbon, but this design was changed in 1913 upon request from Spain that a United States service medal not bear the colors of the Spanish nation. The new medal was suspended from a blue and yellow ribbon. Separate medallions existed for both the Navy and Army. Marine Corps recipients received the Navy version with the seal of the United States Marine Corps on the reverse of the medal.